Minsk - the capital of Belarus. Minsk is political, cultural and economic center of the Republic of Belarus; it is the workplace of the President and the Government. Staying at the strategic crossroads from East to West and from North to South, from Moscow to Warsaw and from Vilnius to Kiev, Minsk is an important transport junction with several bus and railway stations, 2 airports (1 national) and metro network. Minsk is the city of wide streets, modern and old architectural ensembles, fountains and shady parks.
Brest region located in the South-Western part of the Republic of Belarus, it has borders with Poland and the Ukraine, occupies the territory of 32, 2 thousand km2. The population is 1 mln. 471 thousand (according to January 1, 2003). 300 thousand people live now in Brest city. It is rich in great history.В The years of the World War II showed the courage of Brest Fortress defenders who were the first that met Hitler soldiers on June 22, 1941. More than month lasted Brest Fortress defense. Nowadays the memorial complex "the Brest Fortress" is on of the most visited sights of the region. This region is rich in various resources to develop practically all types of tourism and leisure.
Vitebsk region is situated in the North-Eastern part of Belarus, has borders with Lithuania, Latvia and Russia and occupies almost one fifth of the country is territory. Across the territory pass 2 international transeuropean routes (Paris-Moscow-Helsinki вЂ“ Vitebsk- Gomel- Kiev- Plovdiv). The biggest cities are вЂ“ Vitebsk, Orsha, Polotsk, and Nowopolotsk. The nature is rich in forests (32%), various lakes, affluent rivers (more than 600). The National Park Braslavskije Osera with Berezinsky BiosphereВ Reserve is the proud of the Vitebsk regions which hasnвЂ™t any analogues in the world and are included in the project Zolotoe Koltso of Belarus (the Golden Rind of Belarus). The territory has some sanctuaries of state meaning; more than 40 natural monuments are preserved.
Grodno region is in the North-West of Belarus and has borders with Poland and Lithuania. Through this territory passes one of transarterial ways of Eurasia that helps to broaden international cooperation. The biggest cities вЂ“ Grodno, Lida, Slonim, Volkovyssk, SmorgonвЂ™, Novogrudok. The last is the centre of Byelorussian nationhood rise. There in XII-XIII cents the GrandВ DuchyВ ofВ Lithuania where Byelorussian lands were attached was created. Grodno is one of the most beautiful cities in Belarus where there are many historical and architectural monuments вЂ“ the a castle of XIII-XVI cents., Borisoglebsky Church (XII cent.), Bernadinsky Cathedral (XVI-XVIII cents.), Farny (Jesuit) Cathedral and many other sights, which make the city charming.
Gomel is the second largest city in Belarus. The Gomel region is in the South-Eastern part of Belarus, it borders with the Ukraine and Russia. "The visiting card" of Gomel is a unique monument of XVIII-XIX cent. the Palace-and-Park Ensemble including the Palace of aristocrats and magnates Rumyantsevy-Paskevichy, St.В Peter and Paul Cathedral, the chapel of the Princes Patskevichy and an ancient park. There are some XIX-XX cents. buildings on central streets. Across the Gomel Region pass railway transport routes of state and interstate importance.
Mogilev region is in the Eastern part of Belarus and borders with Russia. Through this territory lie branchy railways and roadways which connect it with Russia, the Ukraine, and Baltics. The large rivers вЂ“ the Dnepr, Berezina, and Sosz вЂ“ are used for navigation. The largest cities are Mogilev, Krichev, Mstislavl, Shklow and some of them are known from the 12вЂ“13thВ cents. During the excursion one can see the archeological monument Zamchishche (XVI вЂ“ XVIII cents), the Nicolsky cloister, the Three SaintВ BishopsвЂ™ Cathedral and in St. Stanislaw Cathedral one can hear organ music.